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Phoenix Information

The city of Phoenix is the largest city in Arizona, and it is also the state capital. The city was founded in the early 1860s near the confluence of the Salt and Gila rivers in the south-central portion of the state, and it became incorporated nearly 20 years later in 1881. Phoenix was given its name because it exists in an area that was once to home to ancient civilizations. Thus, the city's founders believed that Phoenix was the perfect name to describe their new city, since it rose from the ashes of a previous settlement – just like the Phoenix of myth.

When Phoenix was incorporated in 1881, it had a population of just 2,500 residents. Later in the decade, the city saw the railroad come through. This allowed the burgeoning community to turn into a major center for trade and culture. It also brought a number of new people to the region to visit and to settle. During the early 1900s, a number of important projects created significant impacts on the area. Most important was the construction of the Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River. This dam became incredibly important because it helped the citizens of the region control supplies of water. It also became a source for recreation because its construction created a number of lakes that residents of the city and its surrounding areas use frequently to this day.

One of the defining characteristics of Phoenix is the climate. While much of Arizona exists in mountainous, highly-elevated terrain, Phoenix sits in a desert valley. As a result, the area experiences very warm temperatures throughout the year. Summers can be brutal for many residents and visitors thanks to the extremely high temperatures. Sometimes, temperatures can reach upwards of 118 degrees Fahrenheit. However, air conditioning allows people to live comfortably in the area. Winters are very pleasant with high temperatures reaching the 70s and 80s on many days. Occasionally, the area can experience light amounts of snow, but precipitation is rare. Since the area experiences such a lovely climate, a number of residents from other parts of the country choose to stay in Phoenix through the winter.

These days, Phoenix has a population of nearly 1.5 million people, making it the sixth-largest city in the United States. As the country's population center shifts further south and west, it is expected that the population of Phoenix will continue to expand. This means that Phoenix should eclipse two million residents within the next few decades.

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