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Honolulu Information

Located on the beautiful island of Oahu, Honolulu is the capital of the state of Hawaii. It is located in Honolulu County, and is the only municipality on the island. The city covers just under 61 square miles of land and claims about 8 square miles of water, and just under 340,000 people called it home as of the 2010 Census. The city of Honolulu is located just over 2,000 miles from the next nearest American land in California.

Polynesian immigrants were likely the very first settlers of the area that is now Honolulu, which architects have been able to learn through histories told from older generations to younger ones and from different historic artifacts located on the island. A settlement was in the same place as Honolulu's current location as early as the 11th century, though it did not become a place where royals frolicked until the 1800s. It was 1804 when King Kamehameha I moved his home base to Waikiki, which is a part of Honolulu. Further moves were made in 1809, when the court was moved to where present-day Honolulu sits.

A British sea captain named William Brown was the first non-Islander to visit the area in 1794. Many other merchants followed soon after, putting the islands - and specifically Honolulu - on the map as a port of call for those traveling between Asia and the Americas. Honolulu became the permanent capital of Hawaii in 1845 after a decree to that effect was made by King Kamehameha III. From there, work began in the city to make it more modern and hospitable to royals and other residents. American immigrants helped set up a business system in Honolulu and it quickly grew into an economic center for the islands.

Hawaii became a state in 1898, and Honolulu saw a huge economic boom. Shopping centers and businesses began to spring up almost overnight, as did boarding houses, hotels, and inns. Tourism is still a huge draw to Honolulu as airlines bring nearly 8 million visitors to its shores each year.

Today Honolulu is divided into multiple districts, with the downtown area as the focus for government and financial activities. Chinatown is a part of the Arts District, and is where the city library and statues honoring past rulers are located. The industrial district is Kaka'ako, and Ala Moana is where the largest open-air shopping mall in the world can be found. Waikiki is the tourism center for the entire city, and is home to most of the area's hotel rooms. Other districts include Manoa, Maikiki, Nu'uanu, Pauoa, Palolo, Kaimuki, Waialae, Kahala, East Honolulu, Kalihi, Palama, Salt Lake, Aliamanu, and Moanalua.

Honolulu enjoys a year-round tropical climate that only serves to increase its viability as a tourist location even in traditional winter months. The summer is mostly dry, and temperatures stay steady with average highs between 80 and 90 degrees and average lows from 65 to 75 degrees. Rainfall averages 21 inches a year, and the city sees 278 sunny days, on average.

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