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Hamburg Information

The City of Hamburg is on the banks of the River Elbe and, has one of the largest ports in Europe. Also, one of the richest cities in Europe, it is a key transportation hub in Northern Germany. Known to the Romans as Treva, it was called Hamburg after a castle built by Emperor Charlemagne in 808 AD, who named the castle Hammaburg. In 834, the city was designated the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric. The city embraced Lutheranism in 1529, and became a refuge for Protestants. In the 17th century, it became a refuge for Jews from Portugal.

It was a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, and it was a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire. Later, it was one of the sixteen states of Germany. The city was annexed for a short time by Napoleon I and later freed by Russian forces. It was confirmed a city-state in 1815 by the Vienna Congress and became one of the states of the German Confederation.

During World War II, Hamburg was heavily firebombed and tens of thousands of people were killed. Over a million were evacuated. More than 42,000 people were also killed in the Neuengamme concentration camp outside the city.

After the war, the city was part of the British Zone of Occupation. It became a state of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949. In 1961, Hamburg became world famous for its nightlife when the Beatles played in one of its clubs.

Hamburg is also famous for some architecture including St. Nicholas's church. For a short time in the 19th century, it was the tallest building in the world. The skyline is notable for the towers of its churches. The University of Hamburg was established in 1919, but its history begins in 1613 as an intermediate level of education for students between leaving school and attending university.

It also has the warehouse district, which is the largest warehouse district in the world that is built on timber piles. It is part of the port of Hamburg and has many canals and waterways, which is why the city is called the Venice of the North.

A city of parks, Hamburg has many green spaces including the Stadtpark with vast lawns and a water tower with one of the largest planetaria in Europe. The Park Planten un Blomen is a botanic garden with musical fountains, a skating rink and beautiful walkways.

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