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Frankfurt Information

Frankfurt lies in the west central region of the German state called Hesse. The metropolis covers an area spanning over 95.87 square miles (248.31 square kilometers). Known as a "green city," approximately half of this acreage consists of a forest, two botanical gardens and city or riverside parks. According to data obtained in 2011, Frankfurt has a population exceeding 695,000 people. Combined with urban residential areas, this number increases to around 2,300,000. Forty-six districts divide the city, which then further subdivide into 118 city boroughs. Approximately one third of the city's residents migrated from countries around the world, giving Frankfurt over 180 different nationalities and cultures.

The city enjoys a mild oceanic climate producing hot, humid summers and cold winters. Summer temperatures often rise to or exceed 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius). Winter begins in November and extends through February with temperatures averaging around 27 degrees Fahrenheit (-3 degrees Celsuis). The city receives around 24 inches (620 millimeters) of precipitation annually.

Continual archeological evidence indicates that Celtic tribes established settlements here around 7,000 years ago that extended to the foothills of the nearby Taunus Mountain range in the southeast. This mountain range serves as a popular recreational destination that features annual hill climbing competitions. While leaders in Rome busied themselves with building an ever expanding empire, Romans arrived at Frankfurt's cathedral hill area during the first century. Iron age forts also extended into the mountains.

Around the year 700 A.D., history suggests that Charlemagne and his army arrived at the territory while fleeing the Saxons. A deer emerging from the forest crossed a ford. Following the deer, the Franks escaped capture. Under the command of the king, a community developed and protected the ford. Charlemagne named the location "Franconofurd," which evolved into Franfurt. The settlement grew and eventually expanded to both sides of the Main River. By the early 1300s, the village had 10,000 residents, requiring reconstruction of city fortifications.

Recognized as a town by 1140, Frankfurt's importance as an economical hub began in 1240 with the first annual trade fair. Other trading events followed throughout the year. Today, the city enjoys the status of being the largest financial center in Europe. Frankfurt serves as headquarters to many large financial institutions that include the European Central Bank and the German Federal Bank along with having the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.

Frankfurt remains one of the rare European cities having over one dozen skyscrapers. The history of tall buildings developing in the city began with the historic St. Bartholomeu's Cathedral, which stands at 312 feet (95 meters) in height. A 394-foot (120 meter) grain silo followed in 1959. During the 1970s, the Silberturm and the Westend Gate became the first actual skyscrapers, measuring 545 and 522 feet (166 and 159 meters) tall.

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