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Colorado Springs Information

Early inhabitants of what would later be called Colorado Springs included the Ute, Arapaho, Cheyenne, and other Native American tribes. The tribes lived at the base of the famous Pikes Peak and in the area of what is now known as the Garden of the Gods Park. They lived off of the natural resources in the area, including many natural springs. In November 1806, an American explorer by the name of Zebulon Pike discovered Pikes Peak. Later, in 1859, Colorado City was founded and became the first white settlement in the Pikes Peak area. It served as a supply camp for miners who were on their way to mine in Denver.

Colorado Springs is known as a relaxing resort town because of the vision of General William Jackson Palmer, who was a Civil War hero from Pennsylvania. He founded Colorado Springs in 1871 and had high hopes for this area that he loved immensely. Palmer founded the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad and bought land along the railroad on which to develop Colorado Springs into a thriving resort getaway. The region became well known for its scenic beauty and sunny and dry climate, making it a haven for people to recover from and cope with various health ailments.

In the 1890s, a huge gold discovery was made in the Cripple Creek Mining District in the Pikes Peak area. As a result of this historical gold strike, Colorado Springs boomed in population and became known as "the city of millionaires". One of these rich individuals was Spencer Penrose, who used his money to build the Pikes Peak and Cheyenne Mountain Highways, the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo, the Will Rogers Shrine, and the Broadmoor Hotel.

Colorado Springs has a strong military presence to this day, and this dates back to the 1940s when the United States Army opened Camp Carson. Other major military operations in the area include Fort Carson, US Space Command, Peterson Air Force Base, NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command), the United States Air Force Academy, and Schriever Air Force Base.

Colorado Springs, 65 miles south of Denver, covers an expanse of some 190 square miles. It is over a mile above sea level at an altitude of 6,035 feet. Residents and visitors alike enjoy the scenic, mountainous beauty that the area has to offer, as well as countless ways to enjoy the outdoors, such as by hiking and mountain biking. Popular destinations and tourist attractions include Seven Falls, Pikes Peak, Garden of the Gods, Manitou Springs, Cripple Creek, Woodland Park, and Old Colorado City.

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