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Birmingham Information

In the 1850's, Birmingham was simply a tiny town settled by pioneer farmers. Railroads and land barons caused that settlement to grow into a city by 1871. Before long, limestone, iron ore and coal had all been discovered in the area. Birmingham was a thriving center of industry, and was soon to become the largest city in Alabama.

In its early years, citizens began referring to their hometown as Magic City, thanks to its unprecedented growth rate. This boisterous prosperity continued until the 1930's when the Great Depression took a heavy toll on the area's economy. Even with heavy investments from northern industrialists, the citizens of Birmingham suffered throughout the decade. Birmingham and its residents bounced back in the wake of the Depression and continued to grow thoughout the years of World War II, but its tumultuous times were not over yet. For the entire period of the 1960's, Birmingham was an often explosive center of the Civil Rights movement. It was here that a series of extraordinary events took place that shaped the city's development and still impact it today. In fact, many modern tourists come to Birmingham to gain a better appreciation of the struggle for civil rights. A number of attractions inform and educate visitors about the movement.

Birmingham's downtown area boasts the greatest concentration of tourist activities. It is here that visitors will find the famed Civil Rights District as well as many hotels and government buildings. Another neighborhood worth a visit is Five Points South. This district is home to the University of Alabama at Birmingham. As such, it's a vibrant spot filled with interesting boutiques and restaurants. One of the best ways to enjoy the city is by journeying to Vulcan Park at the top of Red Mountain. The visitor center and the panoramic view of the skyline are great introductions to the city.

Birmingham sits at the base of the Appalachian Mountains in the north central portion of the state. Fall is a particularly popular time to visit. During the months of September and October, average high temperatures rarely fall below 75 degrees or go above 85 degrees. Precipitation is minimal, and the fall foliage is spectacular. Many people prefer to visit Birmingham in the spring when high temperatures are around 70 degrees. It's a bit wetter, but the mild temperatures make this an agreeable time to visit.

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