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Atlanta Information

The city of Atlanta is located in northwest central section of Georgia and is the state's capital. The topography of Atlanta, Georgia is marked by rolling hills with dense tree coverage. The city lies in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, which helps to make the climate more temperate.

Atlanta's climate is humid, subtropical with more temperature temperatures than other cities at the same latitude because of its high elevation. Summers are warm and humid with temperatures that range from a high of 89 degrees Fahrenheit to a low of 50 degrees. Atlantans sometimes experience days of temperatures at 100 degrees Fahrenheit during the peak of summer. Winters are generally mild, with temperatures ranging from 42 degrees Fahrenheit to –9 degrees when Arctic air masses descend from the north. The city receives abundant rainfall that is generally evenly distributed throughout the year. Snow is rare but does occur on occasion.

The area around Atlanta, Georgia was once the home of the Creek and Cherokee Indian tribes. After the building of the Western Atlantic railroad, two other rail lines converged on the growing city and European settlers quickly moved into the area which offered rich farmland and promise of gold. The city started out with the name "Terminus," then began "Marthasville" for the daughter of the governor who helped bring the railroads to the city. The final name "Atlanta" was settled on in 1943. The city was incorporated in 1847. It became a critical battleground during the Civil War, during which General Sherman burned the city to the ground after its capture. After the war, the existing railroads led to the city's rebirth. It became a cotton processing and manufacturing center in the post-war years. In the early 20th century, Atlanta continued to grow and diversify. Through the racial tensions of the 1960s, the city was able to put aside historical differences and became the "City Too Busy To Hate." Today, Atlanta has the busiest airport in the country and wide range of industries to fuel its still burgeoning economy.

The population in Atlanta Georgia was 432,427 in the 2011 census numbers. White makes up 38% of the population African-Americans are 54%, Hispanics or Latinos are 5.2%, Asians are 3.1% and American Indian and Native Alaskans are .2%. The median household income in $45,000. Average age of the population is 34 years.

The Atlanta economy is made up of a number of different sectors including transportation, logistics, media, tourism, finance, and government services. A number of large global corporations have their headquarters in Atlanta.

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